WKC Semi-Contact Continuous Contact Sparring Rules
Semi contact fighting is a continuous sparring competition with breaks only for equipment repair, injury attention or warnings from the referee.
The official language for continuous contact fighting is strictly English.
Fight! – At the beginning of the fight and after any interruptions.
Break! – The fight is immediately ceased and may only be resumed after the command of “fight” is given by the referee.
Competition should be held on a gym floor with the fighting area clearly marked off with tape or in a ring.
The fighting area in a gym or ring should be 20’ x 20’.
As per individual tournament registration
Every fighter must wear a clean uniform. This consists of pants and tops.
Appropriate Pants: we recommend ankle length pants, such as “gi” or other appropriate material. However, fight or “combat shorts” are also acceptable.
Appropriate Tops: tops should either be a shirt with school or organisation emblem (no tank or muscle shirts) or “gi” or “uniform” top.
Final decision as to acceptable attire rests with the officials at the ring.
A sparring match may only be carried out if the fighters are wearing complete safety equipment. This consists of: padded gloves of sufficient calibre which cannot be pushed out of shape or broken, foam dipped foot pads , mouth guard and a groin protector for men.Safety equipment has to be approved prior to the commencement to the match by the centre referee.
Fighters may not wear anything which may cause an injury: rings necklaces , watches, ear-rings, etc.
The physical constitution of the fighter should be determined once a year by a physician.
Fighters or their legal guardians or parents are responsible for their own health insurance.
Both hand and foot techniques must be used during the entire fighting period . Hand and foot techniques are only recognized when they clearly show the intention of the contestant to, and successfully hit the opponent.
The following parts of the body may be attacked using the permitted fighting techniques.
- Head (front and side)
- Torso (front and side).
- Leg, above the knee (front and back).
- Catching kicks
- Attacks to the back of the head/neck, throat, back, joints and groin.
- Attacks with the knee, elbow, head butts, thumbs and shoulder.
- Turning ones’ back to the opponent to avoid contact, running away, falling down to avoid contact and ducking ones’ head below the knee.
- To attack an opponent who is already down with one knee or hand touching the floor.
- To leave the ring.
- To belittle or insult the referee or opponent or behave in an un-sportsman-like manner.
- Fighting after the “break” command has been given.
Violations of these rules and regulations may, depending how grave they are, may lead to a warning, or even disqualification.
DURATION OF A MATCH
Duration of the matches is one – 1½ or 1 minute match.
The fight should only be interrupted if there is an injury, if the safety is not in order or if a severe penalty is in order.
If the fight is stopped due to injury, then the referee should decide:
- who caused the injury.
- whether it was intentional.
- if it was self caused.
If the injury is not intentional and the fighter cannot continue, the winner is the uninjured fighter.
Every match is separately evaluated by each judge. The evaluation of each match should be made according to:
- The number of targets hit.
- The effectiveness of the attack.
- The deliverance of clean technique.
- Clean fighting style.
- The overall impression of the athletic performance.
Criteria for warnings:
- Excess contact.
- Unclean fighting style.
- constant turning of the back to the opponent.
- too little technique.
- Prohibited techniques.
- Un-sportsman-like conduct.
A fighter shall receive only one warning. Upon the next infraction, disqualification will be awarded depending on severity of the infraction.
A close fight is to be judged by overall impression and not by considering the single target hits.
At the conclusion of the fight the judges must render a decision. They must choose a winner. If all is even , then the fighter with the better technique strategy or who has shown the best defense is to be chosen.
The following decisions could bring a fight to an end:
- Winner by forfeit. If the coach or fighter no longer wishes to continue, then the fight is stopped and the opponent is declared the winner. This is done by throwing in the towel by the coach or by the fighter raising one arm
- Referee stops the match. A fight may be stopped because of fighting or defensive inability, or insubordination. The winner is decided by the referee.
- Injury. If the fight is stopped due to injury, then the referee must decide if the injury occurred through allowed or prohibited techniques:
- If prohibited techniques were used, then the injured fighter is the winner by disqualification.
- If allowed techniques were used and the injury was self caused then the uninjured fighter wins by forfeit.
- Disqualification. After a single warning from the referee, and depending on the severity, a fighter may be disqualified and his opponent declared the winner. Infractions that may warrant disqualification with or with out a warning include but are not limited to:
- Excessive contact. There shall be only light controlled contact for Novice and Intermediate divisions and slightly harder controlled contact for the Advanced Division.
- Hitting after the bell or the command “break”.
- Un-sportsman-like conduct.
- Unclean fighting style.
the fighting jury consists of:
- Three judges.
the ring staff consists of:
- Score keeper.
- First aid attendance.
The referee is the absolute sovereign during the fight.
He must have the experience to distinguish and interpret intentional and unintentional, serious and less serious infractions. He must have the experience to render immediate decisions on warnings and disqualification.
He should express this through clear behavior, speech and gestures. He is responsible for the fight and it’s adherence to the rules.
His responsibilities are:
Before the match he must be certain that the three judges are ready and in their proper place.
He must make sure the contestants are properly attired and are equipped with the mandatory safety equipment and that it is of good repair. He must make sure the fighters are not wearing any jewelry and have on clean uniforms. He must make sure the fighter lined up on his right has a red flag attached to his belt indicating he is the “red” fighter. He must make sure this fighter returns to this position at the end of the match for the decision.
He begins the fight by having the contestants bow to each other and to him.
His commands consist of “fight and break”. In case the contestants did not hear his “break” command and do not immediately react, he should warn them by slapping both contestants on the shoulder as a warning to respect his commands.
The referee must remain close to the contestants in order to make quick decisions and possibly intervene and separate them.
A warning must be loud and clear to the contestant. The referee must point a finger directly at the fighter and state “warning for_________”! He should inform the fighter that he runs the risk of disqualification for another infraction. He should administer warning in a stern manner.
Only the referee can administer warnings or disqualification.
To declare the winner, the referee brings both fighters to the center of the ring. He raises the winners hand and pulls the contestants together to shake hands in a sportsmanlike manner.
A match should be evaluated by three judges. They should remain separated and seated around the ring.
The judge should be fair and non-partisan and judge each contestant’s performance to the best of their ability.
There may not be a tie. A close match is to be judged by overall impression and not just by the single targets hit. The judge must render a decision. They must choose a winner. If all is even, then the contestant with the better technique, strategy, or who has shown the best defense is to be chosen.
The judges may not converse during the match.